References

References

1.       American Physical Therapy Association. Guidelines: physical therapy documentation of patient/client management. http://www.apta.org/uploadedFiles/APTAorg/About_Us/Policies/BOD/Practice/Docu mentationPatientClientMgmt.pdf#search=%22guidelines Accessed December 22, 2010.

2.       Campbell, A.J. and Robertson, M.C. Otago exercise programme to prevent falls in older adults. http://www.acc.co.nz/PRD_EXT_CSMP/groups/external_providers/documents/publications_pro motion/prd_ctrb118334.pdf Accessed October 1, 2010.

3.       Carande-Kulis, V.G., Stevens, J., Beattie, B.L., and Arias, I., The business case for interventions to prevent fall injuries in older adults. Injury Prevention, 2010. 16: p. A249-A249. http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/16/Suppl_1/A249.2

4.       Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. About CDC's injury center. http://www.cdc.gov/injury/about/index.html Accessed August 2, 2011.

5.       Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Costs of falls among older adults. http://www.cdc.gov/HomeandRecreationalSafety/Falls/fallcost.html Accessed December 12, 2010.

6.       Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Falls among older adults: an overview. http://www.cdc.gov/HomeandRecreationalSafety/Falls/adultfalls.html Accessed March 8, 2011.

7.       Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. U.S. fall prevention programs for seniors. http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/falls/fallprev.pdf Accessed December 12, 2010.

8.       Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Covered medical and other health services. http://www.cms.gov/manuals/Downloads/bp102c15.pdf Accessed July 5, 2011.

9.       Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Medicare benefit policy manual: chapter 7.

https://www.cms.gov/manuals/Downloads/bp102c07.pdf Accessed December 12, 2010.

10.     Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Overview of therapy services.

http://www.cms.gov/therapyservices/ Accessed December 12, 2010.

11.     Gillespie, L.D., et al., Interventions for preventing falls in elderly people. Cochrane

Database Of Systematic Reviews (Online), 2001(3): p. CD000340.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD000340/pdf

12.     Hamel, G. What are the benefits of wearing ankle weights?

http://www.ehow.com/about_5071095_benefits-wearing-ankle-weights.html Accessed December 15, 2010.

13.     Hausdorff, J.M., Rios, D.A., and Edelberg, H.K., Gait variability and fall risk in

community-living older adults: a 1-year prospective study. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2001. 82: p. 1050-1056. http://www.archives-

pmr.org/article/S0003-9993%2801%2963215-5/abstract

14. Herman, T., Giladi, N., and Hausdorff, J.M., Properties of the ‘Timed Up and Go’ test: more than meets the eye. Gerontology, 2011. 57(3): p. 203-210. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3094679/pdf/ger0057-0203.pdf

15. Hornbrook, M.C., et al., Preventing falls among community-dwelling older persons: results from a randomized trial. The Gerontologist, 1994. 34(1): p. 16-23. http://www.betterbalancefallprevention.com/images/Research%20Articles/Falls%2

0Among%20Older%20Adults-%20An%20Overview.doc

16. Macfarlane, D.J., Chou, K.L., Cheng, Y.H., and Chi, I., Validity and normative data for

thirty-second chair stand test in elderly community-dwelling Hong Kong Chinese.

American Journal Of Human Biology, 2006. 18(3): p. 418-421.

http://hub.hku.hk/bitstream/10722/48552/1/130186.pdf

17. Podsiadlo, D. and Richardson, S., The Timed 'Up & Go': a test of basic functional

mobility for frail elderly persons. American Geriatrics Society, 1991. 39(2): p. 142-

148. http://ukpmc.ac.uk/abstract/MED/1991946

18. Rikli, R.E. and Jones, C.J., Functional fitness normative scores for community-

residing older adults, ages 60-94. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 1999. 7(2):

p. 162-181.

http://hhd.fullerton.edu/csa/research/documents/riklijones1999functionalfitnessn

ormativescores_000.pdf

19. Robertson, M.C., Campbell, A.J., Gardner, M.M., and Devlin, N., Preventing injuries

in older people by preventing falls: a meta-analysis of individual-level data.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1532-5415.2002.50218.x/pdf Journal

of the American Geriatrics Society, 2002. 50(5): p. 905-911.

20.    Rossiter-Fomoff, J.E., Wolf, S.L., and Wolfson, L.I., A cross-sectional validation study of the FICSIT common data base static balance measures - Frailty and Injuries: Cooperative Studies of Intervention Techniques. 1995. 50: p. M291-M297. http://biomedgerontology.oxfordjournals.org/content/50A/6/M291.full.pdf

21.    Scott, V., Votova, K., Scanlan, A., and Close, J., Multifactorial and functional mobility assessment tools for fall risk among older adults in community, home- support, long-term and acute care settings. Age And Ageing, 2007. 36(2): p. 130-139. http://ageing.oxfordjournals.org/content/36/2/130.full.pdf

22.    Sherrington, C., et al., Effective exercise for the prevention of falls: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2008.

56(12): p. 2234-2243. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2008.02014.x/pdf

 

23. Shubert, T. E., M. L. Smith, L. Jiang and M. G. Ory (2016). "Disseminating the Otago Exercise Program in the United States: Perceived and Actual Physical Performance Improvements From Participants." J Appl Gerontol.

24.    U.S. Congress, U.S. Senate. Designating September 23, 2010 as "National Falls Prevention Awareness Day" to raise awareness and encourage the prevention of falls among older adults, 111th Congress, 2nd Sess., S. Res. 633, Congressional Record 2010 Sep 21; S7299-300. http://www.thepoliticalguide.com/Legislation/senate/111/

25.    Viccaro, L.J., Perera, S., and Studenski, S.A., Is Timed Up and Go better than gait speed in predicting health, function, and falls in older adults? Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2011. 59(5): p. 887-892. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03336.x/pdf

26. Wu, S., Keeler, E.B., Rubenstein, L.Z., Maglione, M.A., and Shekelle, P.G., A cost- effectiveness analysis of a proposed national falls prevention program. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, 2010. 26: p. 751-766. http://api.ning.com/files/5Q*FG9rutPriKJsmPfYU- bkA1v9dwm4JVSafCsuqHcnrQN94ybdyzOgdyKXvpM6F5bW**hLKvRp6u73vpUpiqG kvzFTPm66P/FINALOEPManual_FirstEdition_v20.pdf

 

Additional Resources ...

The National Council on Aging publication, Partnering to Promote Health Aging: Creative Best Practice Community Partnerships www.healthyagingprograms.org/content.asp?sectionid=92&ElementID=160

•   This manual describes ways to build partnerships at the state and local level between aging services, community health, and public health services that promote healthy aging.

Falls Free: A National Falls Prevention Action Plan, National Falls Prevention Action Plan http://www.healthyagingprograms.org/content.asp?sectionid=69&ElementID=220

•   A collaboration between The National Council on the Aging (NCOA), the Archstone Foundation and the Home Safety Council that describes specific goals and strategies to reduce falls among older adults to maximize their quality of life and independence.

California Blueprint For Falls Prevention, Preventing Falls in Older Californians: State of the Art www.archstone.org/publications2292/publications_show.htm?doc_id=246660

•   This a white paper that describes state-of-the-art approaches to reduce the falls risk. It highlights the challenges of implementing fall prevention programs in California. The intent of the white paper and accompanying documents is to provide the building blocks for a long- term collaborative effort to reduce falls among California’s older population.

Queensland, Australia Statewide Action Plan: Falls Prevention in Older People 2002–2006 http://www.health.qld.gov.au/stayonyourfeet/documents/13693.pdf

•   The action plan lays out a five-year framework and coordinated plan on how Queensland, Australia can address falls among older adults. The plan addresses this topic because older adult falls have been identified as a significant risk to health in Queensland.

Washington State Department of Health Report-Falls Among Older Adults: Strategies for Prevention http://www.doh.wa.gov/portals/1/Documents/2900/FallsAmongOlderAdults.pdf

•   This report includes a discussion about the problem of older adult falls in the State of Washington and provides strategies and best practices for preventing them. It also describes strategies for program evaluation.

Community Toolbox for Public Health Partnerships http://ctb.ku.edu/en/default.aspx

•   The Community Toolbox is a free global resource providing information and guidance about essential skills for building healthy communities. The toolbox promotes community health and development by connecting people, ideas, and resources. It was developed and is managed by the  Work Group for Community Health and Development at the University of Kansas

Partnership Self-assessment Tool http://partnershiptool.net/

•   This tool was created by the Center for Advancement of Collaborative Strategies in Health and was designed to help partnerships assess how well their collaborative processes are working and to identify specific areas in which to focus to enhance their collaborations.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC) http://www.cdc.gov/injury/about/index.html

•   NCIPC focuses on preventing injuries and violence and reducing their consequences. The Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention is a center within NCIPC and is involved in preventing home and recreational injuries, including older adult falls. This site provides information about other CDC-funded fall prevention programs such as Stepping On, and Tai chi: Moving for Better Balance. The NCIPC site also contains statistics and information about injuries and injury prevention.

Preventing Falls: What Works -A CDC Compendium of Effective Community-based Interventions from Around the World (2010) http://www.cdc.gov/HomeandRecreationalSafety/Falls/preventfalls.html#Compendium

•   The compendium was developed to help health practitioners effectively address the problem of older adult falls. It describes fall interventions that have scientific evidence supporting their effectiveness and includes information for practitioners and senior service providers who would like to implement fall prevention programs.

 The American Geriatrics Society http://www.americangeriatrics.org/

•   The American Geriatrics Society (AGS) is a non-profit organization devoted to improving the health, quality of life, and independence of older adults by implementing and advocating for programs revolving around patient care, public policy, research, and professional and public education. The AGS/British Geriatrics Society Clinical Practice Guideline was developed for clinicians and provides recommendations about how to address older adult falls and fall prevention.

Thomas S, Macintosh, and Halbert J. Does the ‘Otago Exercise Programme’ Reduce Mortality and Falls in Older Adults?: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

http://ageing.oxfordjournals.org/content/39/6/681.abstract

•   Reviewers evaluated the effect of the Otago Exercise Programme (OEP), older adult fall rates and the risk of death, and explored the effect of differing levels of compliance with the program. The authors concluded that the OEP significantly reduced the risk of falling and death among older adults living in the community.

Davis JC, Robertson MC, Ashe MC, Liu-Ambrose T, Khan KM, Marra CA. Does a home based strength and balance programme in people aged ≥80 years provide the best value for money to prevent falls?: A systematic review of economic analyses of falls prevention interventions

http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/early/2009/08/06/bjsm.2009.060988.abstr act

•   This review investigated the monetary value of different strategies to prevent falls among community-dwelling older adults through a systematic review of relevant peer-reviewed journal articles. The authors concluded that the best value was single factor interventions such as the Otago Exercise Programme.

Campbell AJ and Robertson MC. A comprehensive approach to fall prevention on a national level: New Zealand http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0749069010000522

•   This article includes a discussion about the importance of individual assessment and treatment for older adults who are at high risk of falling and the benefits of fall prevention programs. It also describes two successful New Zealand interventions: 1) the Otago Exercise Programme, and 2) community Tai chi classes.

American Board of Physical Therapy Specialists http://www.abpts.org/About/

•   The American Board of Physical Therapy Specialists (ABPTS) oversees the certification and recertification of clinical specialists, including geriatric certified specialists and neurologic certified specialists. This site provides information about the certification process, including eligibility requirements and the application, along with additional resources and describes how to check on your application status.