What is Alcoholism?
Alcoholism is a medical disease. It involves periodic or constant:
- impaired control over drinking
- preoccupation with alcohol
- use and abuse of alcohol in spite of adverse consequences
- distorted thinking, especially denial.
Alcoholism stems from genetic, environmental, and psychosocial factors. A high percentage of alcoholics have a genetic predisposition to the disease, although genetic predisposition can be overcome. Genetics are risk factors, not destiny.
People with the disease of alcoholism often need treatment, counseling, or medical attention to learn how to stop drinking and to live a healthier life.
The NIAAA also offers treatment referral information. In North Carolina, call the Alcohol and Drug Council of North Carolina at 1-800-688-4232 to find treatment services in your community.