Eighth Annual UNC-Duke Pediatric Anesthesiology Conference: Best Practices in Pediatric Anesthesia Care

Course Information


Infants and young children constitute a high-risk population for undergoing anesthesia and surgery due to unique anatomic, physiologic, and developmental differences compared to adults. A collaborative approach to pediatric anesthesia requires that all team members function with the most up-to-date information on caring for this challenging population. This conference will provide the anesthesia care team with current information on a variety of common pediatric anesthesia problems.

Learning Objectives for Participants

The information presented at this educational activity should improve the participants' ability to implement evidence-based strategies for the anesthetic management of children presenting for surgical procedures and anesthesia outside of the operating room.  The presentations will enable attendees to be able to:

  • Gain familiarity with the most up-to-date medical literature regarding the optimal anesthetic management of the pediatric patient with obstructive sleep apnea and define best practices for this patient population.
  • Understand the most current strategies to optimize neurological outcomes after traumatic brain injury.
  • List common treatments for pediatric asthma and optimize perioperative management of the pediatric patient with asthma.
  • Discuss the immediate anesthetic implications of an airway foreign body, appreciate the risks of such, and define an approach to the anesthetic management of a patient who present with an airway foreign body.
  • Gain familiarity in concepts related to improvement of practice with the use of simulation and cognitive aids.
  • Understand current regulations regarding infection control, and be able to define processes for improvement in this area, especially as it relates to perioperative care.
  • Define risk factors for outpatient tonsillectomy, be able to state management techniques for loss of airway, and will review some basic resuscitation principles for pediatric patients.
  • Define the physiology for a complex congenital heart lesion, and understand the implications of congenital heart disease for a common non-cardiac surgical procedure.
  • Gain familiarity with and understand the most up-to-date literature in pediatric anesthesia.
  • Understand how to approach several post-operative issues related to anesthesia that commonly arise in the PACU.
  • Understand the anesthetic implications and perioperative management of the pediatric patient with pulmonary hypertension.
  • Understand the risks and benefits of performing a caudal block for post-operative analgesia in outpatient penile/hernia procedures.
  • State the implications and treatment of local anesthetic toxicity.
  • Gain understanding of the many approaches to pain control in children undergoing surgery and the pharmacologic principles of multimodal analgesia.
  • State management principles for the child with a post-tonsillar hemorrhage, as well as to understand risk factors for the development of such.
  • Define approaches to management of adverse outcomes, as well as to understand the implications of adverse outcomes to the healthcare provider.

Target Audience

Anesthesiologists, CRNAs, Pediatric Intensivists, Pediatric Nurses, Residents and Fellows in Anesthesiology, Student Nurse Anesthetists, and other health care providers interested in providing care for the pediatric patient.

Accreditation Statement

The School of Medicine of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

Credit Statement

The Mountain Area Health Education Center designates this live educational activity for the maximum of 7.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s).  The optional Lunch-n-Learn Session is designated for an additional 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s).  Attendees should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.


This course has been prior approved by the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists for 8.0 CE credits, AANA Code Number 1031361; Expiration Date 09/12/2015.  Certified nurse anesthetists should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in this activity.


In accordance with the ACCME Criteria and Standards, everyone involved in planning or presenting this education activity will be required to disclose any relevant financial relationships with commercial interests in the healthcare industry, and this information will be made available to participants at the start of the activity. In addition, speakers who incorporate information about off-label or investigational use of drugs or devices will be asked to disclose that information at the beginning of their presentation.