Professor of Biochemistry & Biophysics, UNC-CH
PHD - Technical University, Berlin(click for Full Publication List)
HONORS & AWARDS
Structure and Function of Intracellular Calcium Channels
The goal of the laboratory’s research is to understand the molecular mechanisms underlying cardiac muscle and skeletal muscle Ca2+ signaling. The release of Ca2+ ions in striated muscle is controlled by a large ion channel that is identical with protein bridges that span the gap between the cell membrane and an intracellular Ca2+-storing, membrane-bound compartment, the sarcoplasmic reticulum. Cloning and construction of the full-length cDNA encoding the 5037 amino acid residues of the Ca2+ release channels has enabled us to identify amino acid residues that line the ion channel pore, determine ion selectivity, and are responsible for the high ion conductance of the release channels. This work is pertinent to understanding the cellular basis of muscle diseases such as central core disease and malignant hyperthermia. We are also studying the functional roles of regulatory thiols that are modified in the Ca2+ release channels by nitric oxide and changes in oxygen tension, which addresses more global concepts in muscle Ca2+ signaling. This work has demonstrated the relationship between nitric oxide metabolism and Ca2+ signaling, and identified the Ca2+ release channel as a key oxygen sensor in skeletal muscle. Current work aims to identify regulatory redox-sensitive thiols of cardiac and skeletal Ca2+ release channels by mass spectrometric analysis and mutagenesis. These studies have the potential to reveal pathways that protect the heart during ischemia and recovery. A third major goal of the laboratory’s current work is to delineating the functional role of calmodulin in sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ release. Our recent mutagenesis studies leading to the identification of the calmodulin regulatory sites of the Ca2+ release channels has enabled us to prepare a genetically modified mouse deficient in regulation of the cardiac Ca2+ release channel by calmodulin. We find that impaired calmodulin regulation of the cardiac release channel leads to abnormal sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ release, cardiac hypertrophy, and early death of the homozygous mutant mice. As our experiments proceed we expect to gain new insights into the complex mechanism of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ release and how impaired regulation of the release channel by calmodulin leads to cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure, one of the most frequent causes of death in man.
- Xu L, Wang Y, Yamaguchi N, Pasek DA, Meissner G. Single channel properties of heterotetrameric mutant RyR1 ion channels linked to core myopathies. J Biol Chem. 2008 Jan 1
- Yamaguchi N, Takahashi N, Xu L, Smithies O, Meissner G. Early cardiac hypertrophy in mice with impaired calmodulin regulation of cardiac muscle Ca release channel. J Clin Invest. 2007 May;117(5):1344-53. Epub 2007
- Pouvreau S, Royer L, Yi J, Brum G, Meissner G, Ríos E, Zhou J. Ca(2+) sparks operated by membrane depolarization require isoform 3 ryanodine receptor channels in skeletal muscle. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Mar 20;104(12):5235-40. Epub 2007 Mar 14. Erratum in: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Aug 14;104(33):13531.
- Yamaguchi N, Meissner G. Does Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase deltac activate or inhibit the cardiac ryanodine receptor ion channel? Circ Res. 2007 Feb 16;100(3):293-5
- Petrotchenko EV, Pasek D, Elms P, Dokholyan NV, Meissner G, Borchers CH.
- Combining fluorescence detection and mass spectrometric analysis for comprehensive and quantitative analysis of redox-sensitive cysteines in native membrane proteins. Anal Chem. 2006 Dec 1;78(23):7959-66
- Lee EH, Song DW, Lee JM, Meissner G, Allen PD, Kim do H. Occurrence of atypical Ca2+ transients in triadin-binding deficient-RYR1 mutants. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Dec 29;351(4):909-14. Epub 2006
- Lyfenko AD, Ducreux S, Wang Y, Xu L, Zorzato F, Ferreiro A, Meissner G, Treves S, Dirksen RT. Two central core disease (CCD) deletions in the C-terminal region of RYR1 alter muscle excitation-contraction (EC) coupling by distinct mechanisms. Hum Mutat. 2007 Jan;28(1):61-8
- Zhou H, Yamaguchi N, Xu L, Wang Y, Sewry C, Jungbluth H, Zorzato F, Bertini E, Muntoni F, Meissner G, Treves S. Characterization of recessive RYR1 mutations in core myopathies. Hum Mol Genet. 2006 Sep 15;15(18):2791-803. Epub 2006 Aug 29. Erratum in: Hum Mol Genet. 2007 May 15;16(10):1269
- Du W, McMahon TJ, Zhang ZS, Stiber JA, Meissner G, Eu JP. Excitation-contraction coupling in airway smooth muscle. J Biol Chem. 2006 Oct 6;281(40):30143-51. Epub 2006
3047 Genetic Medicine Bldg
Campus Box 7260
Chapel Hill, NC 27599