Why would a disaster with significant numbers of burn injuries create a crisis?
A national byproduct of improved economic efficiency across all disciplines of medicine is the lack of sufficient additional "soft space" or a surplus of onsite medical supplies. The "just in time" approach and the real-time staffing ratio approach has left little room for the surge of patients that are produced by a sudden disaster event. Disasters that produce burn and blast injuries will quickly overwhelm the existing healthcare system and particularly the designated burn centers across the nation.
Burn Centers in the Southeastern United States
Presently, there are no Burn Centers in South Carolina nor Mississippi; two in Tennessee, Georgia, Kentucky, and North Carolina; and three in Alabama, Virginia, and Florida. Of these seventeen burn centers, only five are verified burn centers: two in North Carolina (Chapel Hill and Winston-Salem) and three in Florida (Tampa, Miami, and Gainesville).
Verified burn centers will see approximately two-thirds of all burn patients seen in a burn center. Burn Center Verification was originally developed by the American College of Surgeons and modeled using the ACS Trauma Center Verification standards; today, it is administered by the American Burn Association.
More information on the ABA verification process.
Designated burn beds are limited everywhere. While these centers do a great job of triage and moving patients to meet the needs on a regular basis, a surge of patients will quickly overwhelm this system. During a burn or blast disaster event, the closest burn center will coordinate to assure maximum utilization is available to the patients needing critical burn care. One component of this program is to work with the Trauma Centers in the state and region to absorb a portion of the patients whose needs can be met there without further inundating the limited burn resources.
Another component of this program is to provide education to the local EMS programs, as well as the regional and community hospitals to assure appropriate triage and treatment is provided using decision aids that are developed by the burn and trauma programs across the state. Patients that can be managed locally should be managed locally and those with greater severity of injury, will be triaged appropriately to either the Trauma Centers or Burn Centers.
Current Capacities of Burn Centers by State
Please note: information for Louisiana and Arkansas will be included in an update to be posted soon.