Glossary

Acting Internship (AI):

Just what it sounds like.  The medical student is acting as an intern with slightly less responsibility and no pay.

Ambulatory Care Center (ACC):

The Ambulatory Care Center is the medical center's primary multi-disciplinary outpatient clinic facility located off Mason Farm Road.

Advisory College:

The Advisory Colleges is an advising and career and professional development program established in 2008.  The program was developed to create an organized and structured system of advising whereby students benefit from ongoing support and wisdom of experienced faculty, educators and role models of professionalism.  One goal of the program is to foster a relationship between each student and faculty member where students receive guidance in order to be successful.  Another goal is building a community within the medical school.

Advocate:

A group of students elected by their classmates to provide information and referrals to their peers on personal, academic, and professional issues and to serve as liaisons between students, advisors, and student affairs; Each College is paired with two student advocates from each year.

AHEC:

The Area Health Education Centers participate in a partnership of University health science programs and communities throughout the state.  AHEC was created to improve the distribution of health care professionals in the state.  There are currently nine centers in NC and they play a major role in the education of students and in providing continuing education for health professionals.

AHEC Housing:

The nine regional AHECs provide student housing in 54 counties across the state. AHEC housing is short-term lodging for use when health science students are completing community clinical rotations; it is not meant to replace a student’s permanent residence. The majority of housing is in rented apartments, but also in AHEC-owned condominiums/houses or rooms-for-rent in private residences.

Anatomy Cadaver Memorial Service:

Annual service, typically in January, hosted by the MS1 class and representatives from the dental and PT schools to thank the faculty, donors, and their families for an exceptionally formational anatomy experience.

AOE

Academy of Educators; The UNC-CH School of Medicine Academy of Educators was founded in October 2006 as a part of the School's strategic plan to enhance research and scholarship towards excellence in teaching. Mission is 

  1. to promote and support excellence in teaching and the work and career paths of excellent teachers
  2. to promote and fund curricular innovation, evidence-based curricular change and a scholarly approach to the education mission; and
  3. to provide a forum for education leadership and advice for the Dean, Vice Dean for Academic Affairs, Vice Dean for Medical Education and the leadership of the curriculum.

Asheville Program:

UNC School of Medicine Asheville began with its first class of 4 students in July 2009 with the support of UNC School of Medicine, Mission Health, and Mountain AHEC. Ten students are selected to complete their third and fourth year of training. The foundation of this program and our innovative curriculum is similar to the longitudinal “Cambridge Model.” The fourth year curriculum reverts to block schedules  and presents opportunities to participate in rotations in rural WNC, as well as Chapel Hill or across the state, nation, or internationally.

Attending:

A faculty member who has finished all training (medical school, residency, possibly a fellowship) and has full medical staff privileges at the hospital.  Generally, the Attending is involved in teaching, research, administrative functions and most have a case load of patients that they follow on a regular basis as well as supervising an in-patient service at various times.

Baby Step Exam:

End-of-Year NBME, Practice Step 1, Exam administered during the preclinical years.

Beach Café:

Located on the ground floor of the Brinkhous-Bullitt, the Beach Café is convenient to all building in the UNC hospitals area. Known as the Beach, it houses a Chick-Fil-A, Quizonos Sub, Greens, Fresh on the Move grab ‘n go, and ExpressOasis coffee and also serves up drinks and snacks like a convenience store. Open Monday-Friday.

Berryhill:

The Basic Sciences Building. The building where med students previously "lived" for the first two years.  The first and second year labs were in Berryhill. Now, first and second year students enjoy lectures in the MBRB auditoria. Berryhill will be undergoing much-needed renovations.

Bloomer Hill:

A free clinic run by UNC medical students, located in Rocky Mount, NC, about a 90-min drive from Chapel Hill.  It is open from 9am-3pm on the first Saturday of each month.  Students of all years can volunteer.

Boards:

To be licensed to practice medicine all states require med students pass a three part test, the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) "Boards".  The Boards consist of three tests generally taken:  at the end of the second year, the end of the third year, and after one year of internship or residency.  Residency programs require them.  

Bondurant Hall:

This is where the School of Medicine Administrative offices (Student Affairs, Financial Aid, Alumni Affairs and the Dean’s Office) are located.  The Department of Allied Health Sciences is also housed in this building.  Named for Dr. Stuart Bondurant who served as Dean of the School from 1979-94 and Interim Dean from 1996-97, the building was officially opened in the Spring of 2006.  Most of the small groups meet here and in MacNider.

Brinkhous-Bullitt:

The preclinical education building, where many basic sciences offices and labs are located.  You’ll know it as home to the Beach Café.

Brown Bag Workshop:

Advisory College sponsored events where students meet in their colleges for focused discussions pertinent to where the student is in his/her medical education.

Call or On Call:

During third and fourth years, students may choose to be on call.  They must be available after 5:00 p.m. for the rest of the day until the next morning.  Call varies in frequency with the rotation and the number of students on the rotation.  Some rotations require the student to stay at the hospital that night.  Other rotations allow the student to go home and stay AT HOME.  Formal call for students is limited to no more often than every third night (and includes weekends).  Informal call is when students volunteer their presence.

Capstone:

Required one week course that is taken at the end of your final year of medical school.

Career Goal Advisor:

Toward the end of the third year of medical school, when the student is beginning to plan the fourth year schedule and to think about residency applications, each student chooses a second advisor in his or her chosen post medical school specialty area.  Along with the Office of Student Affairs, this second advisor helps the student prepare for the residency application process and ranking programs for the "match."

Career Opportunities Series (COS):

Specialty specific sessions hosted by the WMS student affairs liasions; each session provides opportunity for Q&A with individuals in featured specialty and is open to both MS1 and MS2 students.

CDSP:

Program pursuant to which students with academic performance, clinical performance, professionalism, or other areas of concern receive an individualized plan of remediation in order to address these identified issues.  CDSPs are initiated by clinical faculty or the Associate Dean of Student Affairs and facilitated through CAR  Student information provided or developed through the CDSP will be documented in one45 until the student’s individualized remediation plan is determined to be successful and may be shared with other School of Medicine faculty members, administrators, or committees, as appropriate.

Charlotte Program:

Students in their second year of medical school may apply to participate in the Charlotte program for all of their clinical experiences. They currently offer two paths of study, traditional experience in which students remain in Charlotte for all their clerkships and the CLIC option which allows participation in a year long longitudinal curriculum.

Chief Resident:

This position is considered an honor, even though it sometimes involves an extra year of residency and always involves extra work.  The Chief Resident supervises the other residents in his/her Department or Division.

Careers in Medicine (CiM):

Careers in Medicine; Wonderful resource for medical students for informaton about specialties; summer opportunities; exploring your likes, dislikes and skill set as you start thinking of what specialty you would like to go into.

Clerkships:

Term used in the clinical years to describe educational experience in each discipline; typically consists of core rotations, Surgery, Family Medicine, Pediatrics, Inpatient Medicine, Outpatient Medicine, Psychiatry, Neurology, and Obsterics and Gynecology.

CLIC:

CLIC is the acronym used for the Charlotte Longitudinal Integrated Curriculum, an innovative program beginning on the Charlotte Campus in June 2013. Traditional models have students in 4-6 week block clerkships throughout the 3rd year of medical school. CLIC students spend most all of the year simultaneously in all clerkships. Half-days are spent in Family Medicine, Psychiatry, Neurology, Internal Medicine, Pediatrics and OBGYN community practices each week. Studies of this curriculum show that students have more patient-centered experiences and can apply concepts across multiple settings. They establish relationships with patients over several office visits, and they form meaningful relationships working with consistent sites and faculty mentors.

Clinical:

Commonly used to refer to any part of the medical school experience which involves actual contact with patients.

Clinical Week:

Opportunity provided to students in the preclinical years to shadow a clinician in a patient centered environment.

CMSRP:

Carolina Medical Student Research Program; Office provides resources for mentors, research opportunites and funding; Deadline for funding applications typically early February.

College Cup/Spring Family Day:

Annual field day/BBQ/family day event (typically in April) hosted by the Larry Keith Advisory Colleges, Student Advocates, and Medical Foundation of North Carolina in celebration of the Wellness Inititiative and end of school year.  All years, and family members are invited.

College Points:

Individuals are encouraged to earn wellness or citizenship points for their college.  Colleges with the most points at the end of the year are awarded the honor of winner of the College Cup.

College Wellness Events:

Each Advisory College is responsible for hosting a wellness event for the School of Medicine students. Purpose of events are to allow students opportunities outside of the curriculum to share experiences and initiate collegiality among the 4 years of medical school.

Commencement:

Ceremony in which the graduating seniors are hooded and  honored for completing the requirements for receiving the degree of MD (Medical Doctor).  Students actually receive their diploma after the UNC Commencement ceremony, typically held the day after the SOM ceremony.

Community Service Day (CSD):

Showcase of students’ accomplishments in the community and honor the students who will be inducted into the Eugene S. Mayer Community Service Honor Society.

Couples Matching:

The Registration, Ranking, and Results® (R3®) system allows couples to form pairs of program choices on their rank order lists that are considered in rank order when the matching algorithm is processed. A couple will match to the most preferred pair of programs on their rank order lists where each partner has been offered a position. In the Main Residency Match®, the algorithm considers only a couple’s primary rank order lists when attempting to find a match and does NOT treat a couple’s supplemental rank order lists as a unit.

CPX:

Clinical Performance Examination is a practical test of basic clinical and professional skills.

CSD:

Clinical Skills Development; Required course taken in Year 1; Course will introduce you to the basic clinical skills essential to the practice of medicine.  Some of these skills needed when working with individual patients include learning how to conduct a medical interview, perform a physical exam, and organize the data to reach a diagnosis, (often known as clinical reasoning).

CSI:

Clinical Skills Integration; Required course in Year 2; Course will introduce you to the basic clinical skills essential to the practice of medicine.  Some of these skills needed when working with individual patients include learning how to conduct a medical interview, perform a physical exam, and organize the data to reach a diagnosis, (often known as clinical reasoning).

Dean's Letter:

The Dean's Letter or MSPE (Medical Student Performance Evaluation) is prepared for all senior students by the Student Affairs Staff Writer and  Associate Dean for Student Affairs.  The document is a key part of the residency application packet. The document is a letter of evaluation, not a letter of recommendation.  That is, it is intended to be a comprehensive summary of the student’s academic record through the first three years of medical school.  It is intended to present the student in the best possible light but also to convey accurate information to a residency program director about the student’ s qualifications for graduate medical education.

Deceleration:

Deceleration is an alternative distribution of the preclinical courses that allows students to complete the first and second year curriculum in three years. Deceleration may allow students to decompress their curriculum or repeat a course or courses in which they have deficiencies or failing grades. Deceleration may be voluntary for a variety of reasons including academic, family, health, personal or disability concerns, or may be required of students having significant academic difficulty. The SOM Educational Policies define academic difficulty as failing grades (F) or condition grades (CO, CO/P, or CO/F).

Department:

A specialty area of clinical health care or basic science such as Department of Medicine, Department of Surgery, Department of Biochemistry, etc.  Departments are divided into Divisions.

DIT:

Doctors in Training; Study resource for medical students preparing for USMLE Step 1.

Division:

A subspecialty area within a Department.  For example some of the divisions within the Department of Surgery include Urology, General, Neurosurgery, Plastic.

Drug Screening:

Currently not required for all medical students participating in a clinical experience but may be a requirement for rotation at other area hospitals, clinics, and sites.

Dual Degrees:

UNC School of Medicine offers several opportunities for students to partcipate in dual degree programs while enrolled in the MD program such as MPH (Master of Public Health), MBA (Master of Business Administration), PhD (Doctor of Philosophy), and others.

Electives for MS1 and MS2 (preclinical students):

There are elective opportunities offered to preclinical students; the prerequisites for each elective my vary.  Complete list can be found at http://www.med.unc.edu/md/curriculum/electives-information/MS12ElectiveOpportunities.pdf

Electives for MS3 and MS4 (clinical students):

Elective opportunities are offered to the clinical students to gain exposure to various specialties, listing of these opportunities can be found at http://clipper.med.unc.edu/electivesbook/

EPIC:

Implemented April 2014; Electronic Health Record for UNC Hospitals; Students must complete training prior to beginning clinical experience.

ERAS:

Electronic Residency Application Service; Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS®) is a service that transmits applications, letters of recommendation (LoRs), Medical Student Performance Evaluations (MSPEs), medical school transcripts, USMLE transcripts, COMLEX transcripts, and other supporting credentials from applicants and their Designated Dean's Office to program directors. ERAS consists of MyERAS, Dean's Office Workstation (DWS), Program Director's Workstation (PDWS), and ERAS PostOffice.

Evaluations:

Evaluations by residents, Attending, and even nurses determine the majority of a student's grade during third and fourth years.  Shelf exams are weighted differently among Clerkships.

Family Practice Center:

The William B. Aycock Building located at the corner of Manning Drive and the 15-501 Bypass down the road from the Hospital.  This building houses the Family Practice Center.  Quite a few students, spouses, and their families receive medical care there.

First Aid:

Popular resource material for preparing for Step 1; often used in conjunction with course materials as students go through each block.

Flu Shot:

The influenza vaccination is a required annual vaccination using a vaccine specific for a given year to protect against the highly variable influenza virus.[1] Each seasonal influenza vaccine contains antigensrepresenting three (trivalent vaccine) or four (quadrivalent vaccine) influenza virus strains: one influenza type A subtype H1N1 virus strain, one influenza type A subtype H3N2 virus strain, and either one or two influenza type B virus strains.[2] Influenza vaccines may be administered as an injection, also known as a flu shot, or as a nasal spray. Student may be vaccinated at Student Counseling and Wellness or any participating pharmacy.  Student must provide proof of vaccination to the SOM Health and Safety Coordinator.

Franklin Street:

Refers to the 3 or 4 blocks of the main street in Chapel Hill with something for everyone from restaurants and bars to clothing stores and gas stations.

Friends’ Café:

A destination of choice located in the Health Sciences Library.  It serves up coffee, bagels and pastries throughout the day for all those times you just can’t flip through another textbook.  Open M-F 7:30a.m. – 5:30p.m.

Health Science Library (HSL):

The library located in front of MacNider that is devoted to all health related fields.  This is a GREAT place to study (or take a nap).  It has wireless for laptops.

Housestaff:

A collective term for residents and interns.

Interviewing:

See visiting residency programs.

Kaplan:

Step exam preparation materials.

Lab Group or Group:

During the first and second years, the class is divided into five groups of approximately 32 students.  Students generally develop more friendships within their group than with others in their class.  Some students prefer to spend most of their study time with their group; others find they study better in other places (e.g. home, library).

LCME:

The Liaison Committee on Medical Education is the nationally recognized accrediting authority for medical education programs leading to the M.D. degree.

Learning and Assessment Lab:

Provides an array of services for medical students that include academic counseling, self-assessment materials, review materials, stress management, test-taking skills, study skills, time management, learning strategy implementation and note-taking techniques.

Letters of Recommendation (LoR):

Students are encouraged to get letters of recommendation from individuals (usually physicians) they work closely with in clinical experiences; These letters are typically used in the matching process but also used for society memberships, awards, funding and scholarships. Shadowing opportunities also allow for this; The peak time for obtaining LORs is during third year and when student do an AI.

LOA:

Leave of absence from the standard curriculum.

LOA Meeting:

Required meeting for students planning an LOA with Student Affairs staff.

MacNider:

From Columbia Street, the building behind the HSL.  This is the former home of the School of Medicine.  Many administrative offices are still located there. Most of the small groups meet here and in Bondurant.

The "Match":

The match (NRMP - National Residency Matching Program) is the process by which students are assigned to residency programs.  After the interviewing process is completed both the fourth year students and the programs list their choices in rank order on computer.  A national computer system compares the lists and matches students to programs.  The results are revealed simultaneously to all students and residency programs on what is called "Match Day" in mid-March.  Most students match somewhere, not necessarily their first or even second choice.  Those who do not match initially find out on "Unmatched Day,” two days before the match, and can usually work out a match before Match Day.

Medicine:

Sometimes used as a general term to describe the overall field of health care.  Also used to describe a specialty field involving non-invasive (or non-surgical) treatment.

MBRB:

Medical Biomolecular Research Building.  First and Second year lectures are held in this building which has two auditoria on the lower floors and research labs on upper floors.

MS:

Medical student as in MSI, MSII, MSIII, and MSIV. Also called first years, second years, etc., as opposed to "freshmen," "sophomores", etc., although MSIV's are sometimes called seniors.

MSPE:

The MSPE (Medical Student Performance Evaluation) or Dean's Letter is prepared for all senior students by the Student Affairs Staff Writer and  Associate Dean for Student Affairs.  The document is a key part of the residency application packet. The document is a letter of evaluation, not a letter of recommendation.  That is, it is intended to be a comprehensive summary of the student’s academic record through the first three years of medical school.  It is intended to present the student in the best possible light but also to convey accurate information to a residency program director about the student’ s qualifications for graduate medical education.

NBME:

National Board of Medical Examiners.

N.C. Children’s and Women‘s Hospitals:

Opened in 2002, offers complete inpatient and outpatient care of women and children in one convenient location.  Key features include Newborn Critical Care Center, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Children’s play atrium, newborn nursery, Women’s Resource Center, shared operating rooms, a chapel, and a the Terrace Café.

N.C. Neurosciences Hospital:

This building houses clinical (inpatient and outpatient) and research activities of several neuroscience disciplines such as Psychiatry, Otolaryngology (ENT), and Neurosurgery.  In addition the adult and pediatrics emergency services and Carolina Air Care are housed in this building.

NRMP:

National Residency Application Program; see the "Match".

Office of Information Systems (OIS):

An administrative office in the School of Medicine which has responsibility for maintaining and supporting electronic communication and network security. OIS also provides laptop support and electronic curriculum support for all medical students. A walk-in Client Services office is open Monday through Friday from 9 a.m to 4 p.m. in 63 MacNider.

Office of International Activities:

All UNC students that participate in an international experience for credit must work with the Office of International Activities to obtain travel insurance; The beginning of your first year is not too early to begin thinking about what you would be interested in doing.  Often overseas correspondence and project organization entail long delays, so be patient and persistent. It is not impossible to put together a good project in a few months, but you will be less frantic if you have more time.  Sometimes a trip can fall through for a variety of reasons.  Start planning early and you will have more time to work out the kinks or make other plans. While reading through the list below, please note the suggested dates for completing each step and that many organizations (even those at UNC) will have earlier deadlines.

OME:

Offices of Medical Education.

ONE Card:

University ID card that includes your picture and PID number.  You will receive one during orientation.  Keep this card in your wallet – you use it to access recreational facilities (the gym & pool), get into athletic events, stay late at the library, get cheaper movie tickets, etc.

One45:

Clinical evaluation tool primarily used to house clinical comments and grades during the clinical and preclinical years.

ONYEN:

The “Only Name You’ll Ever Need.”  You’ll get this name and password during orientation.  Know this so you can log onto computers in computer labs for free printing.  It’s a pain to get a new password if you forget yours, so write it down somewhere if you have to.  Unfortunately, you also have to change your password about 4 times a year!

OSCE:

Objective Structured Clinical Exam – a timed exam using standardized patients (SP’s) which is given at the end of ICM2.  Passing is required for promotion to third year.

PID Number:

It is a 9 digit number that is printed on your ONE card. Learn this number because you have to put it on every single document you sign.

Preceptor:

Someone who supervises and teaches students in actual practice situations.

Present (verb):

Third and fourth year students are assigned patients for which they are partially responsible.  On most services, before rounds they are expected to have checked on each of their assigned patients and be prepared to "present" a brief medical history, test results and plan for treatment during rounds.

R3®:

Registration, Ranking and Results. Pertains to the NRMP Matching Service.

Research Funding:

Many students participate in some sort of research during the summer between first and second year or some might do a year long research experience.  Students may be eligible for funding to support their research and encouraged to contact the Office of Medical Student Research for more information.

Residency:

The next step in medical training after a students receives the degree of Doctor of Medicine.

Rotations:

Another term referring to clinical courses; usually last 4 weeks and term used primarily in the last year of the students medical education.

Rounds:

Teaching rounds are conducted by an Attending and include residents, interns and students. They usually involve seeing each patient on a Service and discussing treatment plans.  Third and fourth year students are required to attend these and will at some time be asked to present a patient.  
Work rounds.  Each MD, from intern on up, sees all of the patients assigned to him/her at least once a day to evaluate treatment.  Your MS may choose to accompany an Attending on work rounds, during first or second year, just to get a feel for how it's done.  Grand rounds are not really rounds at all.  Each Department conducts a weekly presentation on topics of interest to that specialty. Rounds often begin early in the morning (6:30 to 8:00 a.m.) but can occur at any time during the day (especially grand rounds) and sometimes more than once a day (i.e. morning rounds and evening rounds).

Sakai:

Learning management tool used primarily in the preclinical years. This is where students access their schedules, course materials, etc.

Scrub, scrub-in, scrub up:

Technically, this is to prepare oneself for the sterile conditions of surgery.  Also used to refer to actually participating in surgery, either as an observer or to assist in some way such as holding a retractor or cutting suture.

Scrub suit or scrubs:

Loose fitting garments usually worn during surgical or OB/GYN procedures.  They are provided and laundered by the hospitalScrubs ARE NOT PERMITTED in the clinic and should be worn only in the OR, special care units or procedural areas.  They should not be worn while traveling between facilities.

Senior Resident:

A resident in his/her final year of residency, unless he/she is chosen as Chief Resident.  In some specialties (e.g., Radiology) a senior resident is also selected to serve as a Chief Resident.

Service:

This refers to an in-patient subspecialty area of the hospital such as Cardiology service or Orthopaedics service.

SHAC:

A student organization (Student Health Action Coalition) where Medicine, Nursing, Dentistry, Public Health, Physical Therapy, Pharmacy, and Social Work students run a weekly free clinic, build a Habitat for Humanity House, hold health fairs, and partner with homebound elderly and underserved communities to implement health promotion programs.  Learn more and volunteer at www.med.unc.edu/shac.

Shadowing:

A “shadow” student or visitor is a person who is not part of a formal clinical training program, but is interested in observing the hospital environment. The preclinical years are a great time to start exploring your interests.  Many departments offer shawdowing opportunities. A list of opportunities and contacts can be found at the following link

Shelf Exams:

A "shelf" exam is an exam that medical schools purchase from the NBME that test materials presented in the third-year clerkships. They are web-based exams but were once literally pulled from a box on the "shelf" and thus the name "shelf" exams. They are used by participating medical schools to assess clinical knowledge in a given clerkhsip and to compare their students to others nationwide as these exams are not scored by the school but by the NBME.  See OSCE.

SOAP:

The Supplemental Offer and Acceptance Program (SOAP) is the process through which positions offered by unfilled programs are accepted by unmatched applicants during Match Week. Typically involves small number of students who do not receive a residency placment in the main match. 

SP:

Standardized Patient, an actor trained to play the role of a patient case as well as grade student performance.  SP’s are used in teaching activities as well as exams.

Specialty:

A general area of medicine (health care) such as Pediatrics, Surgery, Psychiatry, etc.

SRC:

Student Recreation Center.  This is the campus gym, containing equipment for weight training, cardio, and an aerobics room.  It is open to all students. You must show your ONE card to get in.

Step 1:

Step 1 assesses how well medical students understand and can apply important concepts of the sciences basic to the practice of medicine, with special emphasis on principles and mechanisms underlying health, disease, and modes of therapy. Step 1 is a measure of mastery of not only the sciences that provide a foundation for the safe and competent practice of medicine in the present, but also the scientific principles required for maintenance of competence through lifelong learning. Step 1 is constructed according to an integrated content outline that organizes basic science material along two dimensions: system and process. Step 1 is a one-day examination. The testing day includes 322 multiple-choice items divided into 7 blocks of 46 items; 60 minutes are allotted for completion of each block of test items. On the test day, examinees have a minimum of 45 minutes of break time and a 15- minute optional tutorial. The amount of time available for breaks may be increased by finishing a block of test items or the optional tutorial before the allotted time expires; Students complete this exam at the completion of second year.

Step 2 CK:

Step 2 Clinical Skills (CS) of the USMLE assesses the ability of examinees to apply medical knowledge, skills, and understanding of clinical science essential for the provision of patient care under supervision, and includes emphasis on health promotion and disease prevention. Step 2 CS uses standardized patients to test medical students and graduates on their ability to gather information from patients, perform physical examinations, and communicate their findings to patients and colleagues. Students must take Step 2-Clinical Skills (CS) at one of five sites in the U.S. prior to graduation.

Step 2 CS:

Step 2 Clinical Skills (CS) of the USMLE assesses the ability of examinees to apply medical knowledge, skills, and understanding of clinical science essential for the provision of patient care under supervision, and includes emphasis on health promotion and disease prevention. Step 2 CS uses standardized patients to test medical students and graduates on their ability to gather information from patients, perform physical examinations, and communicate their findings to patients and colleagues. Students must take Step 2-Clinical Skills (CS) at one of five sites in the U.S. prior to graduation.

Step 3:

Step 3 assesses whether you can apply medical knowledge and understanding of biomedical and clinical science essential for the unsupervised practice of medicine, with emphasis on patient management in ambulatory settings.  It is the final examination in the USMLE sequence leading to a license to practice medicine without supervision.  The examination material is prepared by examination committees broadly representing the medical profession. The committees comprise recognized experts in their fields, including both academic and non-academic practitioners, as well as members of state medical licensing boards. Step 3 content reflects a data-based model of generalist medical practice in the United States. The test items and cases reflect the clinical situations that a general, as-yet undifferentiated, physician might encounter within the context of a specific setting. Step 3 provides a final assessment of physicians assuming independent responsibility for delivering general medical care. Exam is completed during residency.

Student Affairs:

An office that provides support for students.  Dr. Dent is the Associate Dean for Student Affairs and oversees Records, Scheduling, Financial Aid, Health and Safety, Dean’s Letter Process, International Affairs, Career Development and Academic Assistance.

Student Organizations:

Organized specialty or topic specific organizations or societies that are officially recognized by the University of North Carolina.  Official recognization allows organizations use of campus resources and funding by the Whitehead Medical Society. Meetings for leader transitions typically occur in April.  Funding (if approved) is disbursed in the Fall via governing body - Whitehead Medical Society. Students wishing to start a new organization can go to http://carolinaunion.unc.edu/programs-orgs/student-acts-orgs/applying-official-university-recognition to apply.

Student Research Day:

Annual event that occurs in mid to late January that provides students opportunity to showcase their research activities. Students submit applications to participate in SRD in the October to November timeframe. Students that participate will be inducted into the John B.Graham Medical Student Research Society.

Subspecialty:

Specialties are broken down into subspecialties.  For example some subspecialties of surgery are Plastic Surgery, Urology, Vascular and Cardiothoracic Surgery.

Summer Opportunities:

Term used to describe activities available to students during the summer between first year and second year. Class meeting typically occurs during October to talk about opportunities available, credit and funding.

Summer Review:

Summer Review is a second formal registration for a given course, for which the student pays tuition and fees, and receives credit as reflected on his/her transcript. It is either a structured or semi-structured guided independent study of the course material. The summer review Course Director (CD) will set dates for formative and final assessments, may assign homework, may hold formal sessions, and will inform students of resources (including faculty) that are available. No more than one Block may be remediated in Summer Review.

TEC:

Translational Education at Carolina will transform the way medical students learn the art and science of medicine through integrated basic science and clinical skills blocks, longitudinal patient care experiences, and flexible clinical experiences that give them opportunities in specialty fields well before they apply to residency programs. The redesigned curriculum will reflect the needs of future physicians, the desire for early differentiation and exploration, and the realities of adult learners today. Implementation starting in Fall of 2014.

Transition Course:

The Transition Clerkship is a required course for all rising 3rd year medical students.  Students complete the course during the week prior to starting their first clinical clerkship.  

UNC Health Care System:

Refers to the umbrella organization of the medical center that includes the UNC Hospitals, the UNC Physician & Associates and various other entities such as on-campus and community medical clinics, home health agencies and other medical management and patient care activities.

UNC Hospitals:

Refers to the umbrella organization of hospital facilities of the UNC medical center.  The flagship hospital is North Carolina Memorial Hospital.  Other facilities included in the organization are the N.C. Neurosciences Hospital, N.C. Women's Hospital and the N.C. Children’s Hospital.

UNC P & A:

The UNC Physicians and Associates is the association of all Attending physicians at UNC for billing purposes.  If you are seen as a patient at UNC Hospitals you can expect to receive a bill from UNC P & A for your physician's services.  This is a separate charge from hospital or clinic charges for laboratory work, supplies, medications, etc.

USMLE World:

Step 1 preparation materials - bank of Step 1-type practice questions.

Visiting residency programs:

During the fall and/or winter of the fourth year, students visit residency programs to which they have applied and from which they have received invitations.  A few MS may in special circumstances, try to arrange to do an elective at some of these hospitals.  Interviews allow both sides to view each other and to make decisions regarding compatibility.  Students must handle financial arrangements on their own for these trips.

White Coat Ceremony:

An annual ceremonial event in which first-year students are presented the short, white coat worn in clinical settings.  An oath is taken swearing to lead lives of compassion, uprightness and honor. Parents and families of first-year students are invited to attend the event in Memorial Hall.

Whitehead Lecture:

The Whitehead Lecture was established in 1947 to recognize the high standards and leadership of Dr. Whitehead. It has been an annual event since 1980.

WMS:

Whitehead Medical Society; Student Governing Body.

Work-up:

Third and fourth year students are assigned a certain number of new patients from whom they are expected to obtain a complete medical and family history and perform a complete physical exam.  These patients are the ones who may be presented during teaching rounds.

Year-long Research Opportunities:

Doris Duke, Distinguished Medical Scholars, Fulbright to name a few