Radiation Oncology is the medical specialty concerned with prescribing radiation to control or kill malignant cancer cells. Radiation oncologists use radiation therapy in a curative, adjuvant or palliative manner, as part of a patient's comprehensive cancer treatment. It is a localized therapy that can be administered before or after surgery, as well as before, during, or after chemotherapy. Therefore, radiation oncologists work in conjunction with surgical oncologists and medical oncologists, as part of a multi-disciplinary cancer team.
There are three main types of radiation therapy: external beam radiation therapy, brachytherapy, and systemic radioisotope therapy. In external beam radiation therapy, the radiation source is external to the body. In brachytherapy, the radiation source is sealed and placed in the area under treatment, while in systemic radioisotope therapy the radioisotopes are delivered through intravenous infusion or orally.
Radiation Oncology is an innovative, technology-based field to which most first and second year medical students have little exposure.
To find out more about the Radiation Oncology Interest Group, please contact the student leader(s) and look out for the Career Opportunities Series (COS) lunch lecture featuring Radiation Oncology!
Student Leader: Shreya Prasad, MS2 (firstname.lastname@example.org)