Global Health & Comparative Health Systems

Partnership for Social Science Research on HIV/AIDS in China

Gail Henderson (PI)

This 5-year, NICHD-funded capacity building program built on research by social scientists at Renmin (Peoples) University aims to create an integrated, sustainable model of collaboration between social scientists and public health/medical researchers, including partners from UNC, the China CDC National Center for AIDS Prevention and Control, and the Nanjing National Center for STD Prevention and Control. Specifically, we 1) developed a training program to improve social scientists' capacity to conduct research on sexual transmission of HIV in China; 2) employed a developmental award mechanism to fund mentored, collaborative research projects at a demonstration site in Liuzhou, Guangxi Province, to enable application of new skills to research on sexuality and sexual transmission of HIV, with particular focus on hard-to-reach sex workers and their clients; and 3) developed a China Social Science and HIV Prevention Network. Research results will appear as a special issue to the journal AIDS and Behavior. We are currently in a no-cost extension year, and have submitted a renewal application to extend our work beyond descriptive studies of factors related to sexual transmission of HIV in China to focus on development, implementation, and evaluation of intervention projects.

Less is More: Global Family Planning in Peru, 1919-1979

Raúl Necochea

Fifty years after the implementation of the earliest family planning initiatives worldwide, the end of the Cold War and the availability of new archival sources have allowed us to acquire some historical perspective on the foundations and global implications of family planning. The Cold War may have exacerbated population debates, but family planning programs were no simple products of Cold War antagonisms. Instead, this book project traces their origins further back, to the socio-cultural ferment that shaped gender roles, racial stratification, and political activism in specific locales in the early 20th century. The book delves into neglected Latin America to ask how the regulation of fertility became an engrossing aspect of the region’s public life, using Peru as the springboard from which to draw comparisons across the continent.

Science and Medicine in Cold War Latin America

Raúl Necochea

This volume, co-edited with Anne-Emanuelle Birn, focuses on science and medicine in Cold War Latin America as a particularly important site in which to analyze the strategies different groups of local, transnational, and foreign actors used to manipulate the rivalry between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. to suit their own cultural dispositions or to further their professional, institutional, national, and regional interests. Far from a mere contextual backdrop, the Cold War was a complex component of scientific and health regimes that endure to this day, including the management of disease eradication campaigns, scientific funding mechanisms, population policies, and corresponding subaltern mobilization to offset environmental, political, and economic changes.