Post-Operative Vomiting (McNaull, PI)

Does first oral intake after emergence predict the occurrence of post-operative vomiting?

Second only to pain, nausea and vomiting are the most uncomfortable complications of surgery and anesthesia. In addition to available pharmacological methods, non-pharmacological methods of prevention and treatment for post-operative nausea and vomiting have become increasingly important. Following emergence from general anesthesia, children often request food and drink. There have been no studies to date that definitively determine the optimal first food or drink choice for these children. This study randomizes children to either water or glucose containing first intake following surgery. We expect to find that children who consume glucose are less likely to vomit than those who first receive water. We have enrolled approximately 100 pediatric patients undergoing general anesthesia thus far. We hope to have approximately 220 patients complete the study.

In addition to departmental support, this study is funded by the Children's Promise Research Grant.