People, organizations, or societies adopt new ideas or behaviors at different rates, and the rate of adoption is affected by some predictable factors.
The Ecological Systems theory states that human development is influenced by the different types of environmental systems. Formulated by famous psychologist Urie Bronfenbrenner, this theory helps us understand why we may behave differently when we … Continued
Describes the relationship between socioeconomic status and health in communities, by saying that SES is the underlying reason for health inequities, as SES dictates the access to resources, education, jobs, etc.
This theory focuses on three components that result in behaviour change: information, motivation and behaviour skills. Information relates to the basic knowledge about a medical condition, and is an essential prerequisite for behaviour change but … Continued
Intersectionality theory was developed to address the non-additivity of effects of sex/gender and race/ethnicity but extendable to other domains, allows for the potential to study health and disease at different intersections of identity, social position, … Continued
A strong personality predisposition influenced by race to cope actively with psychosocial environmental stressors. High levels of John Henryism can contribute to hypertension.
Health inequities are the result from a disparity in experiences/resources that have roots in the material world. Includes underinvestments in public policy and healthcare.
Certain processes and strategies might increase the chances that healthy policies and programs will be adopted and maintained in formal organizations.
The Relapse Prevention Therapy model provides a strategy for anticipating barriers and other factors contributing to participant relapse. The Model provides program participants with coping skills. Once program participants process the necessary knowledge to adapt … Continued
High prevalence of social or environmental health risks in minority communities lead to a higher chance of disease/death. Some studies have found that environmental hazards disproportionately exist in minority communities. Other studies have focused on … Continued
The social cognitive theory explains how people acquire and maintain certain behavioral patterns, while also providing the basis for intervention strategies (Bandura, 1997). Evaluating behavioral change depends on the factors environment, people, and behavior. SCT … Continued