R. Balfour Sartor

Midget Distinguished Professor of Medicine, Microbiology & Immunology

Clinical Interests:  Management of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis andpouchitis).

Academic Interests:  Basic and translational investigation of mechanisms of chronic intestinal inflammation and mucosal homeostasis.  These studies are performed in genetically engineered (knockout and transgenic) mice, raised under specific pathogen-free, germ-free (sterile), or selectively colonized gnotobiotic conditions.  Our studies investigate the ability of specific components of the intestinal microbiota to induce chronic T-cell mediated inflammation in genetically susceptible hosts vs. protective mucosal immune responses in normal hosts.  Parallel studies investigate the ability of dietary products such as iron, sucrose, and fructose to modify the composition and function of intestinal microbiota.  Recent studies have extended these microbial-host interaction studies to human samples, including mucosal biopsies and resected tissues from normal, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis patients.

Education and Training

Degree Institution Area
BS Washington-Lee University Pre-medicine
MD Baylor College of Medicine Medicine
Fellowship University of North Carolina Gastroenterology
Post-doctoral training University of North Carolina Host-microbial interaction
Sabbatical National Institutes of Health-NIDR Molecular biology, immunoregulation
  • Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology