Hydrocephalus in Children
Hydrocephalus is a condition in which there is buildup of brain fluid (cerebrospinal fluid), resulting in increased pressure on the brain. Often, pediatric hydrocephalus must be treated with surgical intervention. Our neurosurgeons use advanced imaging to help make patient specific decisions for a surgical plan best suited for each individual child.
Our pediatric neurosurgeons are experts in treating children with hydrocephalus from diagnosis and surgical intervention to short and long-term follow up care. Many children with hydrocephalus, who are diagnosed and treated early, are able to live normal lives.
Surgical Hydrocephalus Treatment
If a child is diagnosed with hydrocephalus, early treatment is crucial. There are two major types of surgery for treating hydrocephalus:
- Endoscopic treatment of hydrocephalus is a surgical treatment that helps children absorb their own CSF (brain fluid) without implanting hardware. Our pediatric neurosurgeons use advanced techniques to make this procedure more likely to succeed. This usually involves an incision on the floor of the ventricle at the base of the brain, as well as reducing the choroid plexus, which makes CSF.
- Inserting a shunt (tubing under the skin) to redirect cerebrospinal fluid from the brain to another area of the body. This kind of surgical treatment will relieve the pressure in the brain very well, but will likely need more surgery to fix blockages throughout a child’s life.
We offer weekly pediatric neurosurgery clinics in Chapel Hill, Raleigh, Pinehurst, and Wilmington. Visit our pediatric neurosurgery clinic locations page for the clinic or hospital nearest you or call 919-445-2410 to schedule an appointment.
UNC Neurosurgery also offers hydrocephalus treatment for adult patients.