´╗┐Wolfe TR, Braude DA. Intranasal medication delivery for children: a brief review and update. Pediatrics. 2010 Sep;126(3):532-7. doi: 10.1542/peds.2010-0616. Epub 2010 Aug 9. Review. PubMed PMID: 20696726.

Uspal N, Black KD, Cico SJ. Pediatric Pain Management in the Emergency Department. Pediatric emergency medicine practice. 2012 Dec;9(12):1-19.

Saunders M, Adelgais K, Nelson D. Use of intranasal fentanyl for the relief of pediatric orthopedic trauma pain. Acad Emerg Med. 2010 Nov;17(11):1155-61. doi: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2010.00905.x. PubMed PMID: 21175512.