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ASAP Manuals

Description: This occurs when another person gives an object to the child for the purpose of sharing interest in the object, and s/he willingly accepts the object, looks at the other person, and looks at the object. Responding to another person giving an object to share that object shows that the child is beginning to understand that s/he can share interest with another person about an object through eye contact and gazing at the object.

Skill Levels across Three Categories of Social-Communication

The hierarchies of social communication visually represent the order in which these skills develop, and the corresponding ASAP goals and objectives to help children build each level of communication and play.

Social-Communication Hierarchy Chart
Download Social-Communication Hierarchy
What is Joint Attention?

When one person purposefully coordinates his or her focus of attention with that of another person, we refer to the behavior as “joint attention.” Joint attention involves two people paying attention to the same thing, intentionally and for social reasons. Imagine, for example, that a teacher points to her desk and says to a child, “Look at that big apple.” The child looks at the place the teacher has pointed and sees the apple. In this situation, the teacher and the child have engaged in joint attention—that is, they shared attention to the apple on purpose.