The impact of the real cost vaping and smoking ads across tobacco products
Kowitt SD, Sheldon JM, Vereen RN, Kurtzman RT, Gottfredson NC, Hall MG, Brewer NT, Noar SM.
Introduction: Little research has examined spillover effects of tobacco communication campaigns, such as how anti-smoking ads affect vaping. Methods: Participants were a national sample of 623 US adolescents (ages 13-17) from a probability-based panel. In a between-subjects experiment, we randomly assigned adolescents to view one of four videos online: 1) a smoking prevention video ad from the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) The Real Cost campaign, 2) a neutral control video about smoking, 3) a vaping prevention video ad from The Real Cost campaign, or 4) a neutral control video about vaping. We present effect sizes as Cohen’s d, standardized mean differences, with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: Exposure to The Real Cost vaping prevention ads led to more negative attitudes toward vaping compared with control (d=0.30, 95% CI: 0.07, 0.53), while exposure to The Real Cost smoking prevention ads did not affect smoking-related outcomes compared with control (p-values >0.05). Turning to spillover effects, exposure to The Real Cost smoking prevention ads led to less susceptibility to vaping (d =-0.34, 95% CI: -0.56, -0.12), more negative attitudes toward vaping (d=0.43, 95% CI: 0.20, 0.65) and higher perceived likelihood of harm from vaping (d=0.26, 95% CI: 0.04, 0.48), compared with control. Exposure to The Real Cost vaping prevention ads did not affect smoking-related outcomes compared with control (p-values >0.05). Conclusions: This experiment found evidence of beneficial spillover effects of smoking prevention ads on vaping outcomes and no detrimental effects of vaping prevention ads on smoking outcomes.
Kowitt SD, Sheldon JM, Vereen RN, Kurtzman RT, Gottfredson NC, Hall MG, Brewer NT, Noar SM. The Impact of The Real Cost Vaping and Smoking Ads across Tobacco Products. Nicotine Tob Res. 2022 Aug 25:ntac206. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntac206. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36006858.