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Chair, Department of Urology John Sloan Rhodes and John Flint Rhodes Distinguished Professor of Urology


Matthew Nielsen, MD received his medical degree from The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and completed his residency at the Brady Urological Institute of The Johns Hopkins Hospital. After residency, Dr. Nielsen served on the faculty at Johns Hopkins prior to joining the UNC Urology faculty in 2009. In addition to his position as Rhodes Distinguished Professor and Chair of the UNC Department of Urology, Dr. Nielsen also serves as an Adjunct Associate Professor in the Departments of Epidemiology and Health Policy & Management at the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health.

Dr. Nielsen’s clinical practice is focused in urologic oncology—in particular, the treatment of bladder and prostate cancer. He is a member of the integrated Multidisciplinary Genitourinary Oncology Group at the Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, serving as Director of the Division of Urologic Oncology from 2013-2018. Dr. Nielsen is committed to providing compassionate, individualized, patient-centered care, and has been selected by his peers to be named among the Best Doctors in America in Urology since 2013. He received the UNC Health Care Physician Friend of Nursing Award in 2017 and the H. Fleming Fuller Award in 2022. His research in medical decision making, cancer care quality and treatment outcomes has been funded by the National Institutes of Health, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and The American Cancer Society, and nationally recognized by the Rising Stars in Urology Research Award.

Alongside his clinical, research and teaching activities, Dr. Nielsen is actively engaged in quality improvement and patient safety efforts. He previously served as Associate Director of the UNC Institute for Healthcare Quality Improvement and currently is Director of Quality for UNC Faculty Physicians. He has been a national leader in this sphere with the American Urological Association since 2012, currently coordinating activities across the QI/Patient Safety, Data and Practice Guidelines Committees as AUA Science and Quality Council Chair. Nielsen served the American College of Physicians’ High Value Care Task Force and Performance Measurement Committee, and was appointed to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services’ Technical Expert Panel for the CMS Quality Measure Development Plan and Quality Measure Index.


Urologic Oncology
Urology and Urologic Surgery

Board Certifications

Urology – Board Certified


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Academic Interests

Health services research, quality improvement and patient safety, and delivery system science


Postgraduate: MS, Clinical Research, Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 2012
Residency: Urology, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, 2003-2008
Residency: General Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, 2002-2003
MD: The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, 1998-2002

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UNC Urology Medical Center Office
UNC Urology NC Cancer Hospital Office
UNC Urologic Oncology at REX

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Matthew Nielsen, MD, MS, FACS