Recommended Core Courses

Courses in basic and advanced pharmacology, toxicology, pathology, pathophysiology and biostatistics

Note: Credit hours are shown in parentheses, followed by the academic semester in which the courses are offered.

  1. PHCO 701—Introduction to Molecular Pharmacology (2) fall
    A first-year pharmacology course outlining the basics of molecular pharmacology, including molecular biology, drug/receptor interactions, receptors and ion channels, regulation of second messengers and drug metabolism.
  2. PHCO/TOXC 702—Principles of Pharmacology and Toxicology (3) spring
    Introduces students to the major areas of pharmacology and toxicology and serves as a basis for more advanced courses.
  3. PATH 713/PATH 714L—Disease Mechanisms, lecture (3) and laboratory (2) fall
    A lecture and laboratory course on cell injury and pathogenesis of disease with emphasis on basic mechanisms at the molecular, cellular, and organismal levels.
  4. PATH 715/PATH 716L—Systemic Pathology, lecture (3) and laboratory (2) spring
    A lecture and laboratory course on the pathology and pathophysiology of disease with an emphasis on molecular and cellular mechanisms of disease in organ systems.
  5. TOXC 442*—Molecular and Biochemical Toxicology (3) fall
    Development of a comprehensive understanding of biochemical and molecular actions of environmental chemicals and toxicants, and proper application of novel laboratory techniques for hypothesis-driven mechanistic research.
  6. TOXC 707*—Advanced Toxicology (3) spring
    Cellular and physiological basis of toxicity of environmental chemicals, with emphasis on pulmonary toxicology, hepatic toxicology, cardiovascular toxicology, reproductive toxicology, immunotoxicology, radiation toxicology, renal toxicology, and neurotoxicology, as well as regulatory toxicology (risk assessment) and clinical toxicology & drug interactions.
  7. BIOS 610—Biostatistics for Lab Scientists (3) spring
    This new course was developed, and first taught in the spring 2010 term, to attend the basic needs of biological and biomedical graduate students for biostatistics during experimental planning and data analysis. Bench research uses a variety of approaches and emerging technologies, each requiring the appropriate use of biostatistics tools for correct interpretation and reporting of novel biological findings. This course introduces basic concepts and methods of statistics with applications in basic science research. Emphasis is on mastery of basic statistical skills and familiarity with situations in which advanced analytical skills may be needed.
  8. Electives—2 graduate-level courses in any discipline or scientific area
    (courses in the area of research concentration chosen in the second year with help from the research advisor; or, courses not listed above and taken in the first year prior to selection of Toxicology as the degree-granting program).


* All students are required to pass these two courses and a combination of at least two of the options listed from 1 to 4 (for example, 1+2, 3+4, or 1+4). TOXC 442 must be taken before TOXC 707. PHCO 701 is a pre-requisite for PHCO/TOXC 702. Students interested in the pharmacology courses (PHCO 701 and PHCO/TOXC 702) should take them during the first year because PHCO/TOXC 702 and TOXC 707 are taught on the same days/times during the spring semester.

Recommended sequence of courses