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UNC Orthopaedics faculty are actively engaged in publishing research.  These articles arise from work conducted within the Department of Orthopaedics, and from collaborating with other UNC departments and outside institutions.  These publications investigate new devices and drugs, review clinical outcomes, and to assess how treatments impact health populations. This published information increases medical knowledge for fellow orthopaedic providers and musculoskeletal researchers.  Below is a list of the most recent publications of our faculty members.


Foot & Ankle Subspeciality:

  • Dederer KM, Tennant JN. 2019. Anatomical and functional considerations in achilles tendon lesions. Foot Ankle Clin, 24(3);371-385.
  • Song K, Wikstrom EA,Tennant JN, Guskiewicz KM, Marshall SW, Kerr ZY. 2019. Osteoarthritis prevalence in retired national football league players with a history of ankle injuries. J Athl Train, 54(11):1165-1170.

Hand Subspecialty:

  • Shapiro J, Feinstein S, Weinhold PS, Draeger RW. A biomechanical comparison of modified radioscapholunate fusion constructs for radiocarpal arthritis. J Hand Surg Am. 2020; S0363-5023(20)30143-X. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2020.03.006. Online ahead of print.
  • Jernigan EW 3rd, Smetana BS, Rummings WA, Dineen HA, Patterson JMM,Draeger RW. The Effect of Intraoperative Glove Choice on Carpal Tunnel Pressure. J Hand Microsurg. 2020;12(1):3-7. doi:10.1055/s-0038-1669367
  • Leatherwood WH, Bortner BA, Draeger RW, Dahners LE, Rubin J, Weinhold PS. Evaluation of zolendronate, cytochalasin-D, and desferrioxamine on osseointegration in an intramedullary femoral implant model. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2020; 3;20(1):121-127.
  • Dineen HA, Feinstein SD, Varkey DT, Jarmul JA, Draeger RW. Rates of corrective osteotomy after distal radius fractures treated nonsurgically and surgically. J Hand Surg Global Online. 2019; 1:131-137.
  • Jernigan EW 3rd, Smetana BS, Rummings WA, Dineen HA, Patterson JMM,Draeger RW. The Effect of Intraoperative Glove Choice on Carpal Tunnel Pressure. J Hand Microsurg. 2020;12(1):3-7. doi:10.1055/s-0038-1669367
  • Krauss EM, Shankar V,Patterson JMM, Mackinnon SE. Medical Malpractice in Nerve Injury of the Upper Extremity. Hand (N Y). 2020; 1558944720906500. doi:10.1177/1558944720906500. Online ahead of print.
  • El-Haj M, Ding W, Sharma K, Novak C, Mackinnon SE, Patterson JMM. Median Nerve Compression in the Forearm: A Clinical Diagnosis. Hand (N Y). 2019;1558944719874137. doi:10.1177/1558944719874137

Orthopaedic Oncology:

  • Louie RJ, Wang K, Royce TJ, Beaty BT, Esther RJ, Tepper JE, Kim HJ. 2020. Does timing matter? Surgical outcomes in high-grade sarcomas after neoadjuvant radiation therapy. J Surg Res. 254:118-124. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2020.04.016. Online ahead of print.

Orthopaedic Trauma:

  • Mitchell SL, Hayda R, Chen AT, Carlini AR, Ficke JR, MacKenzie EJ; METALS Study Group.J . 2019. The military extremity trauma amputation/limb salvage (metals) study: Outcomes of amputation compared with limb salvage following major upper-extremity trauma. J Bone Joint Surg Am. Aug 21;101(16):1470-1478. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.18.00970. PMID: 31436655
  • Patterson JT, Ishii K, Tornetta P 3rd, Leighton RK, Freiss DM, Jones CB, Levine A, Maclean JJ, Miclau T 3rd, Mullis BH, Obremskey WT, Ostrum RF, Reid JS, Ruder JA, Saleh A, Schmidt AH, Teague DC, Tsismenakis A, Westberg JR, Morshed S. 2020. Open reduction is associated with greater hazard of early reoperation after internal fixation of displaced femoral neck fractures in adults 18-65 years. J Orthop Trauma. Jun;34(6):294-301. doi: 10.1097/BOT.0000000000001711. PMID: 32079891
  • Clement RC, Strassle PD, Ostrum RF. 2020. Does very high surgeon or hospital volume improve outcomes for hemiarthoplasty following femoral neck fractures? J Arthroplasty. May;35(5):1268-1274. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2019.11.044.PMID: 31918987
  • Clement RC, Strassle PD, Ostrum RF. 2020.  Do hospital or surgeon volume affect outcomes after surgical management of tibial shaft fractures?. J Orthop Trauma. May;34 (5): 263-270 doi: 10.1097/BOT.0000000000001680. PMID: 31688437
  • Dineen HA, Stone J, Ostrum RF. 2019. Closed reduction percutaneous pinning of a pediatric supracondylar distal humerus fracture. J Orthop Trauma. Aug;33 Suppl  1:S7-S8. doi: 10.1097/BOT.0000000000001523.   PMID: 31290818
  • Egol KA, Ostrum RF, Ricci WM. 2019. Introduction. J Orthop Trauma. Aug;33 Suppl 1:i. doi: 10.1097/BOT.0000000000001531. No abstract available. PMID: 31290814

Pediatric Orthopaedics:

  • Fischer-Colbrie ME, Louer CR, Bomar JD, Hahn P, Edmonds EW, Pennock AT, Upasani W. Predicting epiphyseal stability of slipped capital femoral epiphysis with preoperative CT imaging. J Child Orthop. 2020; 14(1):68-75. doi: 10.1302/1863-2548.14.190123.
  • Guzman JZ, Larson AN, Sanders JO, Newton PO, Berven S, Mundis G Jr, Dimar JR 2nd, Albert TJ, Sethi RK, Shah SA.   New paradigms in the continuum of spine care: From newborns to elderly patients.  Instr Course Lect. 68: 289-304. PMID 32032060.
  • Klyce W, Mitchell SL, Pawelek J, Skaggs DL,Sanders JO, Shah SA, McCarthy RE, Luhmann SJ, Sturm PF, Flynn JM, Smith JT, Akbarnia BA, Sponseller PD. Characterizing use of growth-friendly implants for eary-onset scoliosis: a 10-year update. J Pediatr Orthop. 2020; doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001594. Online ahead of print.
  • Louer CR, Nunez J, Bomar JD, Fischer-Colbrie ME, Chambers HG, Upasani W. Comparison of staged versus same-day bilateral hip surgery in nonambulatory children with cerebral palsy. J Pediatric Orthop. 2020; doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001595. Online ahead of print.
  • Louer CR, Bomar JD, Pring ME, Mubarak SJ, Upasani VV, Wenger DR. Should pediatricians initiate orthopedic hip dysplasia referrals for infants with isolated asymmetric skin folds? J Child Orthop. 2019; 13(6):593-599. doi: 10.1302/1863-2548.13.190090.
  • Nazareth A, Skaggs DL, Illingworth KD, Parent S, Shah SA, Sanders JO, Andras LM; Growing Spine Study Group. 2020. Growth guidance constructs with apical fusion and sliding pedicle screws (SHILLA) results in approximately 1/3rd of normal T1-S1 growth. Spine Deform. (epub ahead of print). PMID 23096132.
  • Ulici V, Kelley KL, Longobardi L, McNulty MA, Livingston EW, Bateman TA, Séguin CA, Louer CR, Loeser RF. Impaired Annulus fibrosus development and vertebral fusion cause severe scoliosis in mice with deficiency of c-jun nh2-terminal kinases 1 and 2. Am J Pathoal. 2019; 189(4):868-885. doi: 10.1016/j.ajpath.2018.12.010. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Sports Medicine:

  • Carpenter DP, Feinstein SD, Van Buren ED, Lin FC, Amendola AN, Creighton, RA, & Kamath, GV. Trends in open shoulder surgery among early career orthopedic surgeons: who is doing what?. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2020;29(7):269-e278.
  • Pietrosimone, B, Luc-Harkey, BA, Harkey, MS, Davis-Wilson, HC, Pfeiffer, SJ, Schwartz, T.A, Nissman, D, Padua, DA, Blackburn, JT, & Spang, JT. (2020). Using TENS to enhance therapeutic exercise in individuals with knee osteoarthritis. Med Sci Sports Exerc. April 1, 2020 – Volume Publish Ahead of Print – Issue.
  • Cone SG, Lambeth EP, Piedrahita JA, Spang JT, Fisher MB. Joint laxity varies in response to partial and complete anterior cruciate ligament injuries throughout skeletal growth. J Biomech. 2020;101(109636).
  • Mellor, LF, Nordberg, RC, Huebner, P, Mohiti-Asli, M, Taylor, MA, Efird, W, Oxford, JT, Spang, JT, Shirwaiker, RA, & Loboa, EG. Investigation of multiphasic 3D-bioplotted scaffolds for site-specific chondrogenic and osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells for osteochondral tissue engineering applications. Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials. 2020; 108(5): 2017–2030.
  • Mars Group et al with Kamath GV & Spang JT. 2019. Predictors of clinical outcome following revision anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. J Orthop Res. 2020 Jun;38(6):1191-1203.
  • MARS Group, Mars Group et al with Kamath GV & Spang JT. Relationship between sports participation after revision anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and 2-Year patient-reported outcome measures. Am J Sports Med. 2019;47(9):2056-2066.
  • Davis-Wilson HC, Pfeiffer SJ, Johnston CD, Seeley MK, Harkey MS, Blackburn JT, Fockler RP, Spang JT, Pietrosimone B. Bilateral gait 6 and 12 months post-anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction Compared with controls. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2020 Apr;52(4):785-794.
  • Cone SG, Piercy HE, Lambeth EP, Ru H, Piedrahita JA, Spang JT, Fordham LA, Fisher MB. Tissue-specific changes in size and shape of the ligaments and tendons of the porcine knee during post-natal growth. PLoS One. 2019;14(10):e0219637.
  • Blackburn JT, Pietrosimone B, Spang JT, Goodwin JS, Johnston CD. Somatosensory function influences aberrant gait biomechanics following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. J Orthop Res. 2020 Mar;38(3):620-628.
  • Cone SG1, Lambeth EP, Ru H, Fordham LA, Piedrahita JA, Spang JT, Fisher MB. Biomechanical function and size of the anteromedial and posterolateral bundles of the ACL change differently with skeletal growth in the pig model. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2019 Sep;477(9):2161-2174.
  • Cone SG, Piedrahita JA, Spang JT, Fisher M.In Situ Joint Stiffness Increases During Skeletal Growth but Decreases Following Partial and Complete Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury. J Biomech Eng. 2019 Aug 1. doi: 10.1115/1.4044582. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Huebner P, Warren PB, Chester D, Spang JT, Brown AC, Fisher MB, Shirwaiker RA. Mechanical properties of tissue formed in vivo are affected by 3D-bioplotted scaffold microarchitecture and correlate with ECM collagen fiber alignment. Connect Tissue Res. 2019 Jul 26:1-15.
  • Cone SG, Lambeth EP, Ru H, Fordham LA, Piedrahita JA, Spang JT, Fisher MB. 2019. Biomechanical function and size of the anteromedial and posterolateral bundles of the ACL change differently with skeletal growth in the pig model. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2019 Jul 30. doi: 10.1097/CORR.0000000000000884.. [Epub ahead of print]

Total Joint Repair:

  • Shapiro JA, Narayanan AS, Taylor PR, Olcott CW, Del Gaizo DJ. Fate of the Morbidly Obese Patient Who Is Denied Total Joint Arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2020;35(6S): S124-S128. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2020.01.071
  • Bono OJ, Olcott CW, Carangelo R, Jamison JP, Tigges RG, Talmo CT, Bono JV. Femoral Intramedullary Alignment in Total Knee Arthroplasty: Indications, Results, Pitfalls, Alternatives, and Controversies. J Knee Surg. 2020;33(1):12-14. doi: 10.1055/s-0038-1676070. Epub 2018 Dec 13.