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Mody Receives K23 Grant From the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

January 3, 2022

Please join us in congratulating Dr. Gita Mody for receiving a K23 grant from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute for her project entitled “Improving Thoracic Surgical Care using electronic Patient-Reported Outcomes (ePROs)”. The grant is from 1/1/2022-12/31/2026 for a total of $1,010,785.

Jessica Phillips Invited to Participate in the 2022 Emerging Leader Academy

December 17, 2021

We are pleased to announce that Jessica Phillips has been recognized as an outstanding team member and leader in our department! As such, she has been invited to participate in the 2022 Emerging Leader Academy. This is a highly selective program designed for individuals who have been identified as outstanding team members with future leadership … Continued

Donation after circulatory death donors in lung transplantation

December 13, 2021

Lead Author: Thomas Egan, MD | Journal of Thoracic Disease

Transplantation of any organ into a recipient requires a donor. Lung transplant has a long history of an inadequate number of suitable donors to meet demand, leading to deaths on the waiting list annually since national data was collected, and strict listing criteria.

The effect of traditional healer intervention prior to allopathic care on pediatric burn mortality in Malawi

December 13, 2021

Lead Author: Jared Gallagher, MD | Journal: Burns

Burn injury is a significant contributor to mortality, especially in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Patients in many communities throughout sub-Saharan Africa use traditional health practitioners for burn care prior to seeking evaluation at an allopathic burn center. The World Health Organization defines a traditional health practitioner as “a person who is recognized by the community where he or she lives as someone competent to provide health care by using plant, animal and mineral substances and other methods based on social, cultural and religious practices based on indigenous knowledge and belief system.” The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of prior traditional health practitioner treatment and assess its effect on burn injury mortality.

Pediatric Burn Infection

December 13, 2021

Lead Author: Felicia N. Williams | Journal: Surgical Infections

Severe burns lead to a profound hypermetabolic, hypercatabolic, hyper-inflammatory state. Pediatric burn patients are at significantly increased risk for infection and sepsis secondary to loss of the skin barrier and subsequent immunosuppression. Infection is the most common cause of morbidity and death in pediatric burn patients, and the mortality rate from sepsis remains high.

The effect of neighborhood Area Deprivation Index on residential burn injury severity

December 13, 2021

Lead Author: Lauren Purcell, MD | Journal: Burns

Residential fires account for the majority of burn-related injuries and fatalities. Established risk factors for burn injury include male gender, racial minority, children and elderly individuals, poverty, and substandard housing characteristics. In North Carolina, the rate of residential fire injuries and deaths is higher than the national average. Therefore, we sought to describe residential fire hospitalizations at a large regional burn center and describe the neighborhoods in which they live. We hypothesized that patients living in areas with higher Area Deprivation Index (ADI) are more likely to have major residential burns.

The effect of burn mechanism on pediatric mortality in Malawi: A propensity weighted analysis

December 13, 2021

Resident Authors: Laura N. Purcell, MD | Faculty Authors: Bruce Cairns, MD, Michael R. Phillips, MD, Jared R. Gallaher, MD, Anthony Charles, MD | Journal: Burns

The burden of global trauma disproportionately affects low- and middle-income countries, with a high incidence in children. Thermal injury represents one of the most severe forms of trauma and is associated with remarkable morbidity and mortality. The predictors of burn mortality have been well described (age, % total body surface area burn [TBSA], and presence of inhalation injury). However, the contribution of the burn mechanism as a predictor of burn mortality is not well delineated.